Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Sacred Theology (STM)


Exegetical Theology

Scripture References in this Resource

Romans 3:9-20; Romans 1:18-3:20; Psalm 14:1-3; Ecclesiastes 7:20; Psalm 13:1b-3; 1 Kings 8:46; Psalm 22:10; Psalm 31:14; Psalm 89:26; Psalm 10:13; Psalm 14:7; Psalm 5: 10b; Psalm 5:2-4; 8-9; 12-13; Psalm 5:5-7; 10-11; Romans 3: 13b; Psalm 10:7; Romans 3:9; Psalm 9:28; Psalm 9:19-20; Psalm 10: 12-18; Psalm 9:25; Romans 3:18; Romans 3:11; Romans 2:23; Romans 3:27; Romans 4:2; Ephesians 2:8; Isaiah 59:7-8; Proverbs 1:16; Proverbs 1:8-19; Psalm 118:28; Psalm 140:2-3; Psalm 139:4b


In light of the current re-evaluation of points of identity and divergence between Pauline Christianity and Judaism, this thesis presents a study of how each religion applied a single motif from the Psalter: the enemies of God's people. We start from the obvious common ground, the Old Testament shared by both Paul and the Jew as their sacred text. The work focuses on the unique opportunity afforded by the text of Romans 3:9-20, where Paul cites the Old Testament depiction of the wicked enemies. Next, we survey how apocalyptic and rabbinic Judaism developed and employed the enemy theme. Our conclusion then distinguishes between Paul and Judaism on the basis of their application of the Scriptures to describe those outside "the Israel of God."

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.