Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Bachelor of Divinity (B.Div)


Exegetical Theology

First Advisor

Victor Bartling

Scripture References in this Resource (separated by semi-colons)

Mark 4:10-12; Isaiah 6:9-10; Isaiah 6:8; Isaiah 6:13; Isaiah 8:6; Isaiah 11:12; Isaiah 28:11, 14; Isaiah 29:13; Isaiah 36:6; Exodus 32:1; 1 Samuel 10:27; 1 Samuel 22:15; Jeremiah 15:1ff; 2 Corinthians 2:16; Isaiah 35:7; John 9:39; Matthew 13:12; Exodus 4:21; Exodus 7:3; Deuteronomy 2:30; 1 Samuel 2:25; 2 Samuel 17:14; Isaiah 29:10; Isaiah 7:3; Isaiah 10:21; Matthew 13:11-15; John 12:40; John 9:2; 1 Thessalonians 5:4; Revelation 3:9; 1 John 1:9; Luke 9:45;


According to the plan of this study, the question as to whether this Logion is an intercalation of later Church teaching within a catena of parabolic sayings is reserved for the final chapter. Yet it is fundamental to an understanding of the discussion as it progresses for the reader to be aware of the critical dismissal of this entire passage as a vaticinium post eventum, interpolated by the evangelist because of the frustration of the early Church as it propagated the message of the Christ.

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Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.