Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Theology (ThD)


Exegetical Theology

First Advisor

Paul Bretscher

Scripture References in this Resource (separated by semi-colons)

John 21:24; Deuteronomy 18: 15; Jeremiah 23:5-6; Micah 5:2; Zechariah 11:12-13; John 1:45; Matthew 16:16; Matthew 26:24; John 5:39, 46; Luke 24:25-27; Isaiah 8:20; John 1:30; John 3:28-31; John 10:41; John 20:31;


The problem 'briefly stated, of which a solution will be attempted, is this: To what extent can the Fourth Gospel be relied upon as authentic and trustworthy evidence concerning the person and activity of Jesus of Nazareth? Are the accounts of His activity and teaching based on eyewitness testimony, and supported evidence showing first-hand knowledge of the facts, or are they less reliable speculations and mythical or figurative representations of ideas in the mind of the writer? Does the Fourth Gospel record the personal observations of an apostle and. other eyewitnesses, and their direct testimony concerning Jesus, human and divine, as they knew Him through personal contact, and understood His significance through the later enlightenment of the Holy Spirit, or does it merely contain the ideas of a later writer, or at best of John the aged suffering from a defective memory, and allowing his eagerness to interpret the life he describes to overshadow the historical reality? Is the Gospel a trust-worthy and intimate biography of an idealized picture; an authentic record of facts seen and heard and experienced, or a subjective and partly fanciful interpretation?

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.