Douglas Stowe

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Sacred Theology (STM)


Exegetical Theology

First Advisor

Jeffrey Gibbs

Scripture References in this Resource

Matthew 27:45-54; Mark 15:33-39; Luke 23:44-47; John 2 :21; Luke 23:26-48; Matthew 26:61; Mark 14:58; Mark 15:29; Matthew 12:5-6; 8; Matthew 23:37-39; Luke 13:31-35; John 1:8-22; Luke 2:22-39; Luke 2:41-50; Luke 4:9-12; Luke 11:51; Luke 18:9-14; Luke 19:45-46; Luke 20: 1-47; Luke 21:5-36; Luke 21:37-38; Luke 22:53; Luke 23:45; Luke 24:53; 1 Samuel 21: 1-9; Luke 13:1; Luke 5: 14; Luke 17:14; Luke 22:4


Luke's presentation of the death of Jesus is markedly different from that of Matthew and Mark. Both Matthew and Mark, on the one hand, follow the same narrative sequence. Unnatural darkness covers the land at noontime. At the ninth hour Jesus cries, "My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?" After this the observers around the cross offer him sour wine, and he dies with a great shout. Then, the temple curtain is tom from top to bottom, and a centurion makes a confession (Mt 27:45-54; Mk 15:33-39).1On the other hand, Luke's narrative orders the events this way: first, the darkness; then the tearing of the temple veil; Jesus' last words, "Father, into your hands I commit my spirit," followed by his death, and finally the exclamation of the centurion (Lk 23:44-47).This comparison of Luke with Matthew and Mark suggests the question that is the focus of this investigation: What does Luke intend to communicate through the tearing of the temple veil, placed as it is before Jesus' death?

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Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.