Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Sacred Theology (STM)


Systematic Theology

First Advisor

Norman Nagel

Scripture References in this Resource

Isaiah 6: 1-7; Matthew 4: 17; Matthew 6: 12; John 20: 19-23; Psalm 50:23; 1 Corinthians 11:28; Luke 22:20; 1 Corinthians 11:25; Mark 11:24; Psalm 50:23; Luke 5: 1-11; Isaiah 5: 16; 1 Timothy 2: 1-2; Isaiah 1:6; Malachi 1:11b; Matthew 6:9; Luke 11:2; Matthew 5:23-24; Matthew 6: 14-15; 1 Corinthians 16:20; Matthew 6: 14-15


Luther's theology of worthy preparation for the Lord's Supper will play a central role. Confession and absolution along with discernment of Christ's Body and Blood are clearly the main focus of Luther's understanding of such preparation. This study inquires into the actual inclusion of confession and absolution in the rites, particularly the Formula Missae and its words about the Pax Domini. From these words, observations will be made also for the role of the Lord's Prayer in the liturgy. Thus, this study seeks to answer two questions: Is General Confession and Absolution a part of Luther's liturgies? Why or why not?

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Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.