Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Sacred Theology (STM)


Historical Theology

First Advisor

Timothy Dost

Scripture References in this Resource

Exodus 20:3-6; Exodus 34:14; Deuteronomy 6:14-15; Psalm 19:1; Romans 1:2021; Romans 2:14-16; Hebrews 1:1-2; John 14:6; Deuteronomy 34:10; Genesis 3:9; Genesis 4:9; Genesis 6-9; Genesis 9:28; Genesis 11:10-19


Vossler, Christopher, P. “A Survey of Christian Missions in China.” S.T.M. thesis, Concordia Seminary, 2018. 121 pp.

This thesis surveys the history of Christian mission work in China from the (legendary) mission of the Apostle Thomas up to the present day, including the upheavals resulting from the Communist Revolution. The lens through which this history is presented is the Chinese Term Controversy, a centuries-long conflict regarding the proper translation of the term “God” in the Chinese language. Every major missionary effort in China wrestled with this question to some extent, and many found themselves torn apart due to their different answers to the question. In recent years the Controversy has fallen by the wayside, but understanding why the Term Controversy was so divisive may help modern-day Christians better understand the role of structure in the missionary context.

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Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.