Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Sacred Theology (STM)


Exegetical Theology

First Advisor

Jeffrey Gibbs

Scripture References in this Resource

Romans 13:1-7; Habakkuk 2:4; Psalm 62:6; Romans 1:1-17; Romans 1:18-11:36; Romans 1:18-32; Romans 12:1-13; Romans 13:4; Romans 13:5; Romans 2:1-29; Romans 3:20; Romans 3:21; Romans 3:24-25; Romans 3:2-7; Romans 3:27-31; Romans 3:9-20; Romans 4:10; Romans 4:11-12; Romans 4:15; Romans 4:16; Romans 4:22-25; Romans 4:7-8; Romans 5:1-21


This thesis will address the question of referent, specifically, who or what is the referent ̍εξονσια and its parallels in Romans 13:1-7. This is a unique endeavor in recent scholarship on Rom. 13:1-7. For, although much has been written on Rom. 13:1-7, recent scholarship has been concerned with the pragmatic nature of the text. The nature and meaning of submission, the orders of creation in light of the holocaust, and concerns of unjust states are some of the issues driving the research into Rom. 13 in recent years

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Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.