Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Sacred Theology (STM)


Systematic Theology

First Advisor

Norman Nagel

Scripture References in this Resource

John 1:1; Galatians 4:4; Malachi 2:7; 2 Corinthians 3:5; Mark 7:8-9; Mark 16:15; John 9:1-38; 1 John 5:13; John 20:31; Matthew 21:1-11; Matthew 11:28; John 6:47; Galatians 2:20; Luke 1:26-38; Ephesians 5:31-32; Romans 13:11-14,; Romans 12:3; Galatians 3:12; Galatians 3:10; Romans 3:20; Romans 1:16-17; Acts 20:24; Ephesians 1:13; Romans 10:15; Ephesians 6:15; Galatians 1:11; Galatians 1:8; Galatians 4:4


This thesis is written with the presupposition that the Holy Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments are the divinely inspired written Word of God. This is most consistent with an investigation of the liturgical writings of the early church, as the earliest liturgies of the church consist almost entirely of the words of Holy Scripture. Those who used these liturgies sought not to displace what they had received but rather to confess it as they had first received it.

This thesis does not undertake to prove from Scripture the doctrines of either the Holy Ministry or the Lord's Supper as they are articulated in the Lutheran Confessions, but rather presupposes them. An exhaustive presentation of either of these doctrines is not intended. This having been noted, it has nevertheless been found necessary to present scriptural evidence for certain aspects of these doctrines, particularly the doctrine of the Holy Ministry, in order to establish and lucidly present an exposition of the relation of the Office of the Holy Ministry to the celebration of the Lord's Supper.

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Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.