Gook Han Bai

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Sacred Theology (STM)


Historical Theology

First Advisor

Herbert T. Mayer

Scripture References in this Resource

Ezekiel 4:1-7:27; Ezekiel 11:13; Ezekiel 11:14-21; Ezekiel 12:1-24; Ezekiel 12:22-25; Ezekiel 13:1-23; Ezekiel 18:1-2; Ezekiel 20:1-44; Ezekiel 21:1-12; Ezekiel 25:1-32; Ezekiel 28:24-26; Ezekiel 3:16-5:17; Ezekiel 33:1-48; Ezekiel 33:21-33; Ezekiel 34:1-31; Ezekiel 35:1-36; Ezekiel 36:1-15; Ezekiel 36:16-38; Ezekiel 37:1-14; Ezekiel 37:15-28; Ezekiel 38:1-39; Ezekiel 39:1-29; Ezekiel 40:1-48; Ezekiel 43:1-12; Ezekiel 47:1-48; Ezekiel 48:1-29; Ezekiel 6:1-14; Ezekiel 7:1-27; Ezekiel 8:1-11; Ezekiel 8:1-18; Ezekiel 9:8


This thesis is based on the praise that both Irenaeus and the Gnostics regarded Christian teachings and practices as Apostolic tradition. Irenaeus regarded Christian teachings and practices as Apostolic tradition, and, accordingly, appealed to the authority or the Apostles in defending the Christian faith. Apostolic tradition, for Irenaeus, must be guaranteed and safeguarded by the unbroken historical. succession from one generation to the next. Irenaeus laid much emphasis on the importance of the Apostles in Christian teachings and practices. However, the Apostles without successors are practically meaningless to him. The concept of being "in the church" also played an important role in Irenaeus’ thought. The Apostles were the depositors of the tradition in the church, and the bishops were the guarantors of it. The true Christian, therefore, is found only in the church. In the church the tradition is always one and the same everywhere all over the world. According to Irenaeus, there is no truth outside the church, simply because there is no tradition outside the church. The truth, the tradition and the church always stand and fall together. This totality of Christian tradition is the highlight of his thought and theological. system.

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Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.