Bruce Malchow

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Sacred Theology (STM)


Exegetical Theology

First Advisor

Alfred von Rohr Sauer

Scripture References in this Resource

Deuteronomy 25:1; Isaiah 5:23; Jeremiah 3:11; Ezekiel 16:51; 52; Genesis 44:16; Genesis 38:26; Leviticus 19:15; Exodus 23:7; 1 Samuel 12:7; Genesis 15:6; Habakkuk 2:4; Psalm 31:17-19; Psalm 33:18; Micah 7:7-9; Ezekiel 3:20; Isaiah 64:5; Isaiah 6:25; Job 1:1-2:13; Job 42:7-17; Job 1 : 5; Job 42:8-9; Job 7:11-21; Job 3:1; Job 9:2; 15; 20; Job 10:15; Job 13:18; Job 27:5; Job 4:17; Job 11:2; Job 15:14; Job 22:3; Job 25:4; Psalm 143:1; 2; Psalm 103:10-13; Psalm 118:18-21; Psalm 106:31


Job contends emphatically that he is righteous. His righteousness is one of the key points in the Book of Job, because Job builds his whole argument against Eloah upon the fact that God should not be punishing a righteous man. But what does Job mean when he says that he is righteous? It is commonly assumed that he is making a moral assertion. Job's three friends are the first to make this assumption. They berate Job for the impurity and scandalousness of his life. Subsequent interpreters of the Book of Job concur with the friends' evaluation of Job's righteousness. They believe that Job means he has lived a morally upright life, when he claims that he is righteous.

With a similar assumption, the writer of this paper began this study as an investigation of the "ethics" of the Book of Job. The term "righteousness" (cdhq} was soon encountered as a primary concern of this research. When the opinions of various, leading Old Testament scholars were compared, it was discovered that there is a dichotomy of belief concerning the meaning of this term in the whole Old Testament. Some experts hold that "righteousness"

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.