David Klumpp

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Sacred Theology (STM)


Systematic Theology

First Advisor

Paul Bretscher

Scripture References in this Resource

John 8:31b; 32; Romans 8:1; 2; Genesis 1:27; 1 Corinthians 2:14; Ephesians 2:2; Galatians 3:24; 1 Timothy 1:9; Romans 1:19-21; 28; 32; 2 Corinthians 3:5; John 8:34; 2 Timothy 2:26; Galatians 3:27; 1 Corinthians 12:3


Ultimately freedom is a spiritual concept. Our Lord said, "If you continue in my word, you are truly my disciples, and you will know the truth and the truth will make you free." Saint Paul underscores the freedom that comes to the follower of Christ in the words, "There is therefore now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus. For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus has set me free from the law of sin and death. " This freedom is of a different nature from the freedom so ardently sought after today, but ultimately all true and lasting freedom is grounded in this freedom.

Such an assertion needs authentication. This is the purpose of this paper. This study will focus on the concept of "free will" as it is formulated in the Lutheran Confessions and expressed by SØren Kierkegaard in selected writings.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.