Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Systematic Theology

First Advisor

Leopoldo Sanchez

Scripture References in this Resource

1 Corinthians 2:9; 1 Corinthians 9:18ff; 2 Corinthians 6:17; 2 Thessalonians 2:4; 2 Timothy 2:15; Ephesians 4:3; Hebrews 12:1; James 1:21; John 17:11-18; Matthew 16:16–17; Romans 10:8–17


Bustamante, Roberto E. “Contemporary Confessional Commitment: A Models-Based Approach with a Particular Focus on Global South Lutheranism.” Ph.D. diss., Concordia Seminary, 2019. 297 pp.

Current scholarly research on creeds and confessions is in a paradoxical situation. We live in a golden age of such research because of its growing findings and new contributions, but at the same time we are experiencing what is arguably the deepest crisis in terms of confessional alliance and semantic clarity. Additionally, Global South Lutheranism is in a search of identity and legitimate reasons that may justify ascribing the Lutheran Confessions a relevant role in shaping that identity.

This study proposes to discuss the confessional issue under the notion of confessional commitment and within the framework of a models-based approach. This framework allows us to integrate and organize a diversity of contemporary North Atlantic contributions as a typology of three discrete models of confessional commitment. This work tests how this typology performs the double function a model is to exert on a particular object of study, namely, to provide a coherent appreciation of it, and to explore its challenges and possible solutions. We also test the productivity of our models of confessional commitment by applying them to a set of case studies that represent part of the actual conversation and struggles of Latin American Lutheranism.

In this way, the present dissertation attempts to contribute to the field of confessional studies by proposing a models-based strategy to address and cope with the perceived confusion that affects current scholarly research on the subject, and a rationale to account for the fundamental theological treasure our current Lutheranism still can find in its symbolical books.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.