Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Exegetical Theology

First Advisor

James Voelz

Scripture References in this Resource

Matthew 3:3; 2 Peter 2:15; Acts 10:16; Acts 13:10; Acts 8:21; Acts 9:11; Isaiah 40:3-4; John 13:30; John 13:32; John 19:34; Luke 3:4-5; Luke 3:5; Luke 6:49; Mark 1:3; Matthew 13:20; Matthew 13:21; Matthew 14:27; Matthew 21:3; Matthew 3:16; Matthew 3:3


Mark is the Gospel of breathless excitement. The narrative is noted for its rapid movement between scenes and for an urgent tone through the miracles and journeys of Jesus. With its focus upon the actions of key characters, the Gospel leads the reader quickly through the ministry of Jesus as he approaches his passion. From its opening in1:2-3 which promises a straight path ahead, the narrative moves forward to the culmination of that road at the cross.

A key in furthering this journey is the use of εὐθὐς. Used at least forty-two times in the Gospel, εὐθὐς serves as an adjective eight times in the New Testament. However, it is more commonly used as an adverb with fifty-one occurrences. With forty-two of the fifty-nine New Testament appearances of Eiktic, Mark's Gospel may be said to be characterized by this vocable.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.