Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Divinity (M.Div)


Exegetical Theology

First Advisor

Alfred Sauer

Scripture References in this Resource (separated by semi-colons)

Genesis 27:9,16; 1 Samuel 25:2; 2 Chronicles 17:11; 2 Chronicles 35:7; Deuteronomy 14:4; Exodus 12:3-5; Ezekiel 27:21; Ezekiel 34:17; Genesis 30:31-32,35; Genesis 31:12,38,41; Genesis 37:2,12,14; Genesis 38:17,20,23; Isaiah 11:6; Isaiah 5:7; Jeremiah 50:8; Leviticus 1:10; Leviticus 22:27; Leviticus 3:6,12; Leviticus 5:6; Numbers 18:17; Song of Solomon 1:8;


The problem which this paper is concerned with, therefore, has to do with the meaning of flock imagery when itis applied to the nation of Israel, especially when Israelis compared to a goat or to a mixed flock of sheep and goats. Consequently, it is my purpose: (a) to examine the nature and composition of the flocks in the Old Testament; (b) to place a new emphasis on the nature, value, and necessity of goats as members of a flock; (c) to demonstrate the fact and significance of the combined flock, especially when it becomes a phrase which refers to the people of God; (d) to establish the significance of Yahweh as the Shepherd of Israel; (e) to point out the destiny of Israel in terms of the scattered and gathered flock of God; and (f) to show how the promised Messiah is portrayed as the Shepherd of God’s flock.

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Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.