Grapho : Concordia Seminary Student Journal

Document Type



three estates, institutional, government, vocation, doctrine, evils, ecclesia

Submission Type

Bible Study; Lecture; Sermon Prep


The question of institutional evils weighs heavily on the mind of the American Zeitgeist. Institutional racism, once happily relegated to history as a relic of Jim Crow, has reentered the public discussion on a national level in a way not seen since the 1960’s Civil Rights Movement. The new virtue of “fair-trade” is lauded as the solution for an exploitive economic system, while “going green” promises absolution of a company’s carbon footprint. The extent of government COVID-19 measures and the debate surrounding the inclusion of critical theories in public education dominate primetime and social media. These are all examples of how Americans are aware of institutional evils in a way they have rarely been before, and many Christians are looking to their churches for answers.


Religious Thought, Theology and Philosophy of Religion

Scripture References in this Resource (separated by semi-colons)

Matthew 19:1-10; 1 Corinthians 6:12-19; Colossians 3:5-11; Ecclesiastes 5:1-20; Galatians 5:16-21; Genesis 1:31; 1 Samuel 1:6; Genesis 4:1; Malachi 2:13-16; Genesis 1:28; 1 Corinthians 6:11; Proverbs 5:15-23; 1 Corinthians 7:2-8; Song of Solomon 7:1-13; Genesis 2:24; 1 Corinthians 7:7; Mark 19:7-12; Genesis 2:22-23; 3:11-12; Ecclesiastes 5:22-32; Genesis 2:18; 2 Corinthians 1:4; 1 Corinthians 11:2-16; Proverbs 31:10-31; Galatians 3:26-28; Genesis 2:5-7, 20-22; Genesis 1:27; John 9:1-3; 2 Corinthians 4:14; 2 Corinthians 4:7-9; 2 Corinthians 5:8; 1 Corinthians 15:35-49; Luke 1:26-32; Psalm 139:13-18; 2 Corinthians 12:9;

Submission Cost


Submission Audience

Laity; Ministers; Scholars