Grapho : Concordia Seminary Student Journal

Document Type



messianic expectations, resurrection, synoptics, st. luke, crucifixion, discipleship

Submission Type

Bible Study; Lecture; Sermon Prep


The question of discipleship in the synoptics is really a question of what it means to be a faithful member of God’s people of Israel. In late Second Temple Judaism the answer to this question was by no means obvious. For some, such as the Pharisees, the answer was to follow the traditions of the elders fastidiously in every area of life (cf. Matt 15:2). For others, such as the Qumran community, the answer was to escape the sinful compromise of modern Israel and create a pure community in the desert. For others, such as the zealots and other revolutionaries, the answer was to follow in the tradition of the Maccabees by fighting and potentially accepting martyrdom at the hands of Israel’s Gentile enemies.


Religious Thought, Theology and Philosophy of Religion

Scripture References in this Resource (separated by semi-colons)

Matthew 15:2; Matthew 7:1; Mark 3:33ff; Luke 9:23ff; Matthew 8:27; Ezekiel 34:23ff; Deuteronomy 21:23; Matthew 27:46; Matthew 7:29; Luke 7:16; Matthew 16:21; Luke 17:25, 24:44; Matthew 1:24; Mark 8:34; Matthew 1:17; Matthew 1:23; Matthew 2:6; Matthew 2:15; Luke 24:27; Luke 1:32-33; Luke 1:46–56; Ezekiel 21:26; Luke 2:25; Luke 2:37–38;

Submission Cost


Submission Audience

Laity; Ministers; Scholars