Concordia Theological Monthly

Publication Date


Document Type



luther, calvinistic determinism, grace, predestination, melanchthon, calvin, salvation, doctrine, erasmus, de servo arbitrio, bondage, election, free will, st. augustine

Submission Type

Bible Study; Lecture; Sermon Prep


People are saying that De Servo Arbitrio is a dangerous book. We have heard them rail against it, first, because of Luther's teaching on the diacretio personarum, and, secondly, because of his statements concerning the Deus Absconditus. Usually the warning against De Servo Arbitrio takes this third form: It teaches Calviniatic determinism. If this charge is well founded, our book could not serve as a handbook for a course in Lutheran theology. It is therefore necessary to examine this sinister charge at some length.


Religious Thought, Theology and Philosophy of Religion

Scripture References in this Resource (separated by semi-colons)

Romans 1:18; Romans 8:18; Ephesians 2:3; Romans 8:5-8; Romans 8:3; Isaiah 46:10; Matthew 10:29;

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Submission Audience

Laity; Ministers; Scholars