christian works, rewards, punishments, origen, aristotle, carneades, fatalism, astrology, justification, justin the martyr
Bible Study; Lecture; Sermon Prep
A prominent theme in the Christian writings of the second and third centuries is that men are "rewarded and punished according to the quality of their works." It is sounded in the middle of the second century by Justin Martyr in his First Apology: "We have learned from the prophets and declare as the truth, that penalties and punishments and good rewards are given according to the quality of each man's action." A century later, Origen, in Contra Celsum, lists this belief as an article of faith alongside the resurrection and virgin birth.
Religious Thought, Theology and Philosophy of Religion
Scripture References in this Resource (separated by semi-colons)
Laity; Ministers; Scholars
Wilken, Robert L.
"Justification by Works: Fate and the Gospel in the Roman Empire,"
Concordia Theological Monthly: Vol. 40, Article 37.
Available at: https://scholar.csl.edu/ctm/vol40/iss1/37