Concordia Theological Monthly

Publication Date


Document Type



natural knowledge, barth, st. paul, revelation, theology, creation, brunner

Submission Type

Bible Study; Lecture; Sermon Prep


This study grows out of a request for guidance from the Commission on Fraternal Organizations of The Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod. Over the years this commission has been meeting with leaders of a number of fraternal organizations in an effort both to explain our synod's position on lodgery as well as to encourage the removal of objectionable features from lodge rituals. These groups have shown readiness to make many of the ritualistic changes suggested by our commission. In one area, however, these groups refuse to yield. They insist that requiring belief in the existence of a Supreme Being of their members or that mentioning the name of God occasionally in their ceremonies must be retained. They suggest that this is no more "un-Christian” or "unLutheran” than using the name of God in courtroom oaths ("So help me God"), on our national currency ("In God we trust"), or in referring to our nation as being "under God" in our pledge of allegiance to the United States flag.


Religious Thought, Theology and Philosophy of Religion

Scripture References in this Resource (separated by semi-colons)

Romans 1:18-32; Romans 2:14-16; Exodus 33:20; John 1:18; 1 John 4:12; 1 Corinthians 13:12; 1 Timothy 6:16; Job 11:7; 1 Corinthians 1:121;

Submission Cost


Submission Audience

Laity; Ministers; Scholars