Concordia Theological Monthly

Publication Date


Document Type



church, new testament, st. peter, greek, rock, christians, israel, corinth, jewish

Submission Type

Bible Study; Lecture; Sermon Prep


Today the word "church" has a wide of meanings. These include: (1) the totality of Christian believers as the Church universal; (2) a local congregation, whether gathered at one place for worship or not; (3) a building used for public worship; (4) a denomination; and (5) the clerical profession. Of these five common meanings. only the first two appear in the New Testament; the others are of later development. For example, though today we speak of "the church which is located on such-and-such a street," the earliest known reference to a church building dates from the second century. During the first century Christians would gather together for worship in the homes of local members (see Rom. 16:5; I Cor. 16: 19; Col. 4: 15; Philem. 2).


Religious Thought, Theology and Philosophy of Religion

Scripture References in this Resource (separated by semi-colons)

2 Chronicles 20:5; Ezra 10:12; Nehemiah 5:13; Nehemiah 8:2; Romans 16:5; 1 Corinthians 16:19; Colossians 4:15; 1 Corinthians 1:2; Matthew 16:18; Matthew 18:17; Mark 11:13-14, 20-21; Luke 12:32; Isaiah 40:11; Ezekiel 34:12-24; Micah 5:4; Luke 12:32; Matthew 26:31; John 10:1-18;

Submission Cost


Submission Audience

Laity; Ministers; Scholars