Concordia Theological Monthly

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Document Type



ezra, nehemiah, jerusalem, temple, babylon, aramaic, jews, persia, cyrus, darius, egypt, judean

Submission Type

Bible Study; Lecture; Sermon Prep


The books of Ezra and Nehemiah present an account of the history of the Judean people from the time of the Exile until the transition to Judaism was well on its way. Cyrus, king of Persia, in his first regnal year issued a decree permitting the Judean exiles to return to Jerusalem (Ezra 1:1-4). Sheshbazzar, a Judean prince (Ezra 1:8), led the first group of returnees and rebuilt the altar. The temple was begun in the following year (Ezra 5:16), but opposition by the people of the land delayed the project for about fifteen years.


Biblical Studies

Scripture References in this Resource (separated by semi-colons)

Ezra 5:16; Ezra 5:1-12; Ezra 1:2-4; Ezra 6:3-12; Ezra 7:12-26; Ezra 1:8; Ezra 3:2-8; Ezra 5:14, 16; Ezra 4:1-5; Haggai 1:2, 9; Haggai 2:16-19; Ezra 4:6-24;

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Submission Audience

Laity; Ministers; Scholars