Concordia Theological Monthly

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poland, sweden, german, catholic, thirty years war, counter-reformation, gustavus adolphus, hapsburg, protestant, austria, denmark, jesuits, wallenstein

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Bible Study; Lecture; Sermon Prep


The Thirty Years' War was the armed effort by which Romanism was to be restored to its domination of Europe. This counter-reformation was to be effective not only in Central Europe, but also in France, England, the Netherlands, Denmark, and Sweden. In Sweden, Gustavus Vasa's son John, influenced by his Roman Catholic wife, a Polish princess, had sought the help of Catholic powers in his war against Russia and had published his Red Book, a liturgy composed in accord with the Council of Trent. Then he had invited the Jesuits to Sweden and had appealed to the Pope to order prayers everywhere for the restoration of the Roman Church in Scandinavia (but without naming Sweden).


History of Christianity

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Laity; Ministers; Scholars