Concordia Theological Monthly

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Document Type



roman, emperor worship, christianity, papyrus, ramsay, savior, domitian, st. paul, augustus, caesar

Submission Type

Bible Study; Lecture; Sermon Prep


The inscriptions and papyri have furthermore helped New Testament students see the great contrast between Christianity and the other religions of the empire. The Lord Caesar is in definite opposition to the Lord Christ. The papyri reveal the fact that the divine names "Lord" and "Savior" were applied by the Roman emperors to themselves. The abler among the Roman emperors endeavored to strengthen and convert ancient popular worship into worship of the state and its head. Already in 195 B. C. there is evidence of this patriotic deification of the Roman state, as is apparent from the worship of the Dea Roma in Smyrna.


History of Christianity

Scripture References in this Resource (separated by semi-colons)

2 Corinthians 4:5; Acts 10:36; 1 Peter 3:15; 1 Timothy 2:13; 1 Corinthians 8:4-6; Revelation 2:13;

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Submission Audience

Laity; Ministers; Scholars