Concordia Theological Monthly

Article Title

The Covenant of Blood

Publication Date


Document Type



blood covenant, new testament, feast, lamb, passover, old testament, death, israel, sacrifice, sin, egypt, lord's supper, forgiveness

Submission Type

Bible Study; Lecture; Sermon Prep


The ceremonial and spiritual climax of the Old Testament religion was the Feast of the Passover; in the New Testament it is the Lord's Supper. In these two feasts, especially as the one merges into the other, the covenant of blood is revealed in its fullest clarity and beauty. The words that Jesus spoke that Passover night in the Upper Room, ''This is My blood of the new Testament," are the simple key which confirms and summarizes the unity of the testaments in the covenant of blood. If this cup is the blood of Jesus Christ in the new testament, then there is or has been also a blood of the old testament. Now, however, the new fulfills the old and abolishes it. With the flow of the New Testament blood of Christ, the Old Testament flow of the blood of animals must cease forever.


Religious Thought, Theology and Philosophy of Religion

Scripture References in this Resource (separated by semi-colons)

Exodus 12:1 ff; 1 Corinthians 11:23 ff; Exodus 12:27; Exodus 34:24; Exodus 23:18; Numbers 9:7; 1 Corinthians 5:7; Exodus 12:5; 1 Peter 1:19; Hebrews 4:15; Exodus 12:46; John 19:33-36; 1 Corinthians 10:18; Exodus 12:7, 22; Genesis 9:4; Leviticus 17:10-14; Acts 15:20-21;

Submission Cost


Submission Audience

Laity; Ministers; Scholars