Concordia Theological Monthly

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johann albrecht bengel, theology, tuebingen, halle, stuttgart, evangelical, germany

Submission Type

Bible Study; Lecture; Sermon Prep


November 2, 1952, is the two-hundredth anniversary of the death of Johann Albrecht Bengel, a leading figure in the history of Lutheran theology. He has exerted an influence over subsequent Biblical scholarship comparable to that of Luther and Flacius in the sixteenth century, the Buxtorfs in the seventeenth, von Hofmann in the nineteenth, and Schlatter in the twentieth. Until a generation or two ago his Gnomon Novi Testamenti was a commonplace in the libraries of the evangelical clergy; and some of the works which have come to replace it, like Dean Alford's commentary and the Expositors Greek Testament, are expansions and adaptations, though not always improvements, of Bengel's classic work. There has not been, to this writer's knowledge, a definitive study assessing the significance of Bengel's work in the history of Christian thought; he would certainly deserve such a treatment. In its absence this brief essay will attempt to describe his life and work and to point out some of the questions that warrant more detailed investigation.


History of Christianity

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Submission Audience

Laity; Ministers; Scholars