Concordia Theological Monthly

Publication Date


Document Type



sin, liberal theology, lutheran, means of grace, faith, doctrine, ministry, augustana v, catholic, christians

Submission Type

Bible Study; Lecture; Sermon Prep


There is room for differences of opinion where the doctrine of the means of grace may be best discussed in a textbook on dogmatics, whether under the Prolegomena, under the Prophetic Office of Christ, in the article on the Church, or as a separate locus. But it is essential that the indissoluble connection between the doctrines of justification and the means of grace be preserved. The order established by the Augustana must be maintained, for grace and faith are correlative terms. Article IV presents justification by faith, and Article V very properly continues: "That we may obtain this faith [described in Article IV], the ministry of teaching the Gospel and administering the Sacraments was instituted." In passing it might be mentioned that the title "Of the Ministry" is misleading, since the article actually speaks of the means of grace and answers the all-important question: How is faith engendered?


History of Christianity

Scripture References in this Resource (separated by semi-colons)

Ephesians 2:1; 2 Timothy 3:2; Ephesians 1:19; 1 Corinthians 12:3; 2 Corinthians 4:6; Galatians 3:2; Titus 3:5-6; 2 Timothy 3:16-17;

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Submission Audience

Laity; Ministers; Scholars