Concordia Theological Monthly

Publication Date


Document Type



barnes, gardiner, commonwealth, grace, lutheran, wolsey, cambridge, anabaptists

Submission Type

Bible Study; Lecture; Sermon Prep


On the Fourth Sunday in Advent, December 24, 1525, Hugh Latimer preached in the Augustinian chapel, and so Prior Barnes preached in St. Edward's Church and used Luther's sermon on Philippians 4:4.

He denounced the observance of holy days, the temporal possessions and the secular jurisdiction of the Church, the extravagance of Wolsey. The only apostle followed by the bishops was Judas; the only prophet Balaam. Holy orders, church hallowings, and pardons were sold "as openly as a cow and an ass." Paul taught no bishop should be bishop of more than one city. He did not pray to Our Lady, nor for the souls in purgatory. It was not right for Christians to sue one another.


Religious Thought, Theology and Philosophy of Religion

Scripture References in this Resource (separated by semi-colons)

Philippians 4:4; Luke 18:24;

Submission Cost


Submission Audience

Laity; Ministers; Scholars