Concordia Theological Monthly
pope, karl the great, hadrian, st. peter, papal, constantine
Bible Study; Lecture; Sermon Prep
Hadrian I, 772-795, had his rival Paul Afiarta executed. When the Lombards again besieged Rome, the Pope called Karl the Great, who overthrew King Desiderius and annexed his kingdom. Karl visited the Pope, kissed the stairs of St. Peter's as he went up, and ratified and enlarged the gift of his father Pepin in 774. In 781 Karl had to help again, and rumor had it he planned to depose the Pope.
Till December 1, 781, the Pope had counted his office from the years of the rule of the Greek emperors; now he dated it from the years of his own reign.
History of Christianity
Laity; Ministers; Scholars
"How Peter Became Pope,"
Concordia Theological Monthly: Vol. 1, Article 82.
Available at: https://scholar.csl.edu/ctm/vol1/iss1/82