Concordia Theological Monthly

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Document Type



eucharist, sacrament, disciples, ignatius, covenant, passover

Submission Type

Bible Study; Lecture; Sermon Prep


The Eucharist between 30 and 325 A. D. It was in the year 30 A. D., on the evening of the fourteenth of Nisan, corresponding roughly to one of the last days of our March. On this first day of Unleavened Bread, Jesus, responding to a reminder on the part of Hie disciples, exercised the functions of the head of the household or family in sending Peter and John to make ready the Passover for the evening celebration. Mark 14, 12. 13; Matt. 26, 17-19; Luke 22, 7 ff. The room where the Lord celebrated the Passover with His disciples for the last time is described as being furnished, or fitted out, with sofas and one or more tables, all ready for the purpose which Jesus had in mind, namely, that of a meeting- and dining-room. The surroundings were utterly unlike those which had characterized the life of Jesus in His lifelong poverty, relieved as it was but occasionally by the ministrations of faithful friends. Luke 8, 3. The entire scene and setting, there in the upper room of the house at Jerusalem, is in keeping with the purpose of Christ, namely, to give to His disciples of all times a meal of remembrance and spiritual values befitting their rank as kings and priests before God and Bia Father. Rev. 1, 8.


Practical Theology

Scripture References in this Resource (separated by semi-colons)

Mark 14:12-13; Matthew 26:17-19; Luke 22:7ff; Luke 22:16; Luke 8:3; Luke 22:24; John 18:27-30; 1 Corinthians 10:16; 1 Corinthians 11:19-20; Acts 2:46; Galatians 2:12-14; Jude 1:12; 1 Corinthians 11:23-25; Romans 12:1;

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Submission Audience

Laity; Ministers; Scholars