Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Bachelor of Divinity (B.Div)


Practical Theology

First Advisor

Robert Bertram

Scripture References in this Resource (separated by semi-colons)

Acts 13:26; Ephesians 1:13; Acts 2:42; Acts 3:12-26; Acts 10:36-43; Acts 4:8-12; Acts 5:29-32; Acts 5:3ff; Acts 6:2-4; Acts 8:20-23; Acts 11:5-17; Acts 4:24-30; Acts 2:14-23; Acts 4:11; Acts 2:16-17;


There are two primary concerns in the describing of and commenting on Martin Luther's marks and notes in Philipp Melanchthon's Apology of the Augsburg Confession. The Augsburg Confession was a public document, subscribed by evangelicals at Augsburg. Whereas the Apology also was, begun as such a public document, it was not allowed to be read at the Diet. There was no opportunity for the Apology to become a rallying point as the Augsburg Confession was for the evangelicals and as Pontifical Confutation was for the papal party. The Apology was a private document and bore the name of Philipp Melanchthon, even though other evangelicals contributed to its various parts. The question must be asked whether Luther had a role in the composition or not. The answer must come from Luther's hand, his correspondence and books of 1530 and 1531, rather than from students' lecture notes or table talks.

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Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.