Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Bachelor of Divinity (B.Div)


Historical Theology

First Advisor

Victor Bartling

Scripture References in this Resource (separated by semi-colons)

Romans 13:1-4


The fact that Jesus came to John the Baptist in order to be baptized by him fascinates and puzzles many Christians. The event evokes many significant questions: What was the exact nature of the baptism administered by John the Baptist? Why did Jesus submit himself to such a baptism? What significance did the baptismal event hold for Jesus' subsequent ministry? What did it mean to the evangelists and to their original audiences? How did it influence the Christian sacrament of baptism? These and similar questions prompt the present study--a study which takes as its exegetical point of departure the most detailed account of the incident, St. Matthew 3:13-17.

Much has been written regarding this subject; much diversity of interpretation has resulted. Our paper is offered in the hope that it can pull these various interpretation together into a meaningful presentation so that the sharpness of diversity might melt into the richness of unity.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.