Date of Award
Bachelor of Divinity (B.Div)
Scripture References in this Resource (separated by semi-colons)
Luke 22:54-62; 1 Corinthians 11;25; 2 Peter 2:1; Colossians 1:15ff; Ephesians 1; Exodus 20:15; Galatians 1:8; John 4:1-3; Matthew 10:32-33; Psalm 119:105; Romans 1:16-17; Romans 14:14,20; Romans 16:17-18;
The Missouri Synod of the Lutheran Church in America (LCMS) has had a long history of opposition against the lodge. This opposition still exists today in the constitution of the synod and by select individuals within the synod who urge those in authority) to "hold the line". The history of opposition to the lodge has been called the "lodge problem" or the "lodge question". Though the question should still be raised, it is also true that some of the lodges have changed their rituals and teachings so that it is no longer accurate to speak in a general way about the errors of the lodge. It is more accurate to speak of particular lodges. In this research paper I for the most part will employ the term "lodge" to refer to the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of Freemasonry, Southern Jurisdiction, USA, the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of Freemasonry, Northern Jurisdiction, and the Royal Arch, General Grand Chapter. However, what is said about these orders will apply in general principle to many other lodges and fraternal and secret societies. Also, it is to be noted that in the use of quotations, the Fathers of the LCMS have in years past used the term lodge much more generally. Therefore the reader will sometimes have to make the connection between the general use of the term "lodge” and specific references to the Freemasons. Also it is to be noted that the problem of the Freemasons is perhaps the worst of all lodges because of their wider memberships and because of the greater volume of their writings and spokesmen.
Fielding, David, "An Examination of the Lochhaas Theses as Steps Towards Discovering How One Deals with the Lodge Problem Evangelically" (1970). Bachelor of Divinity. 771.
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