Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Bachelor of Divinity (B.Div)


Historical Theology

First Advisor

William Polack

Scripture References in this Resource (separated by semi-colons)

Psalm 5:8; 1 Corinthians 5:7-8; John 1:29; Hebrews 10:10; 1 Peter 2:24;


The Church in England used slightly different forms of the Latin Mass before the Protestant Reformation. Atter the mission of Augustine the few remnants of the old Celtic rite had all but vanished, and the Roman Canon of the Mass, which he brought with him from Pope Gregory I, was in general use, substantially as we know it today. However, in the Middle Ages the Roman Mass, apart from its unchangeable Canon, varied somewhat, in its prayers as well as in its ceremonial rubrics, from diocese to diocese. Such variations in the Roman Rite were known as Uses. So in England we find a special Use of Sarum (i.e., Salisbury), of Lincoln, of York, of Hereford, and others. Of all the English Uses the Sarum is the most important. Its use spread until it became the acknowledged standard of south England, including London and Canterbury. The liturgy and ritual which we find in the England of the sixteenth century are, therefore, based on the Roman Rite and colored by the prominent local use.

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Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.