Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Bachelor of Divinity (B.Div)


Systematic Theology

First Advisor

Theodore Graebner

Scripture References in this Resource (separated by semi-colons)

Galatians 1:12, 17; Hebrews 2:3; Psalm 2:12; Hebrews 7:28; John 1:18; John 1:2; Colossians 1:16; John 1:7; John 14:9; Romans 8:34; Ephesians 1:20; Colossians 3:1; Revelation 19:12; Psalm 2:7; 2 Samuel 7:14; Psalm 97:7; Psalm 45:6-9; Isaiah 9:6; Psalm 89:4, 6, 8, 37; Psalm 72:5ff; Acts 10:38; Isaiah 61:1-4; Hebrews 12:2; Hebrews 13:8; John 8:35; Romans 8:15; Colossians 1:21-22; 2 Timothy 2:10; 1 Corinthians 15:55-57; Galatians 3:16, 20; Hebrews 13:12; Psalm 22:22; Psalm 110:1, 4; Psalm 102:25-27;


The title and the contents of the Epistle prove that the addressees were Jewish Christians, and the emphasis placed on the temple worship points to the fact that they residents of Palestine, especially of Jerusalem. The letter constitutes a warning to the Jewish Christians to remain steadfast in their adherence to Christ, amid all the vicissitudes of life. They should not relapse into their former mode of worship, naturally meaningful and dear to them as it was, for Christ is the fulfilment of the Old Testament symbolism, and the new covenant is superior to the old. The Epistle was probably written from Italy about 66 A.D., with 68 as the terminus ad quem, since later than that the temple worship was no longer in practice.

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Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.