Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Theology (ThD)


Systematic Theology

First Advisor

Robert Bertram


The Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod states its doctrinal position in the second article of its constitution :

The synod, and every member of the Synod, accepts without reservation:

1. The Scriptures of .the Old and New Testament as the written word of God and the only role and norm of faith and of practice;

2. All the Symbolical Books of the evangelical Lutheran Church as a true and unadulterated statement and exposition of the Word of God, to wit, the three Ecumenical creeds (the Apostles' Creed, the Nicene Creed, the Athanasian Creed), the Unaltered Augsburg Confession, the Apology of the Augsburg Confession, the Smalcald Articles, the Large Catechism of Luther, the Small Catechism of Luther, and the Formula of Concord.

This article has been a part of Missouri’s constitution since its inception. Theoretically, this article of the Synod's constitution delineates Missouri’s doctrinal stand and determines who is admitted into Missouri’s fellowship, Missouri's internal discipline, its relationship to other church bodies, and is a factor in the Synod’s course of action and its outlook toward issues of the day.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.