Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Theology (ThD)


Exegetical Theology

First Advisor

Erich Kiehl

Scripture References in this Resource (separated by semi-colons)

Genesis 12:1-3; Daniel 7:13-14; Genesis 18:17-19; Genesis 22:15-18; Genesis 26:2-5; Genesis 28:13-15; Genesis 49:8-12; Isaiah 11:1-16; Isaiah 49:1-13; Isaiah 52:13-53:12; Isaiah 9:1-7; Matthew 1:1-17; Matthew 12:15-21; Matthew 13:31-32; Matthew 15:21-28; Matthew 18:15-20; Matthew 2:13-23; Matthew 2:2-12; Matthew 20:17-19; Matthew 20:20-28; Matthew 21:33-46; Matthew 24:1-8; Matthew 24:29-31; Matthew 26:28; Matthew 27:19; Matthew 27:54; Matthew 4:12-16; Matthew 4:23-25; Matthew 5:13-16; Matthew 5:43-47; Matthew 6:25-34; Matthew 6:7-8; Matthew 8:5-13; Micah 5:1-4a; Micah 5:2-5a; Psalm 18; Psalm 2; Psalm 22; Psalm 45; Psalm 72; Zechariah 9:9-10;


To obtain the proper understanding of Jesus' relation to the Gentiles in the Gospel of Matthew, the following objectives should be met: our study shall deal with (1) the Old Testament passages pertinent to our subject, (2) every Matthean passage which provides explicit or implicit information on our theme, (3) the salvation-historical significance of the text, and (4) the total context of the Gospel.

A form-critical approach with its presuppositions is not in order for our study since this approach fails to meet objectives three and four. A redaction-critical approach which has been the dominant discipline in recent Matthean scholarship fails to meet objectives one and two from a proper Biblical perspective. Literary-critical approach also fails to meet objectives one and three. Hence, critical methodologies with their presuppositions are judged to be unsuitable for our study.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.