Date of Award


Document Type

Seminar Paper

Degree Name

Master of Sacred Theology (STM)


Systematic Theology

First Advisor

Thomas Manteufel

Scripture References in this Resource (separated by semi-colons)

Romans 3:21-31;; Isaiah 2:14-26; Ecclesiastes 6:10-17; Ephesians 2:8; John 1:12; Acts 16:30-31; Galatians 2:16; Leviticus 16:15-17; Hebrews 9:1-14,24-28; Ecclesiastes 2:1; Romans 5:12-22; John 3: 16; 1 John 1:3; Romans 4:5-8; 1 Corinthians 6:11; Galatians 2:20; 1 Corinthians 12:12-13, 27; Galatians 2: 19, 21; Matthew 28: 19; Isaiah 4:12; Isaiah 33:22; Romans 4:25; John 1:29; Isaiah 53:6; Romans 3:23-25,28,26; Acts 4: 12; Isaiah 53:5; Galatians 3:10; Romans 1:16-17; Romans 11:6; 1 Corinthians 1:30; Romans 3:31; 2 Peter 1:20,21;; Acts 15:15;


For this study of justification and sanctification, the writer divides the fallen state of human beings into three phases of life experientially: sin, sinful life, and eternal death, although they are already dead spiritually (Eph 2: 1) from the beginning in the first Adam Rom 5: 12-21). And the processes of our life in Christ are also distinguished experientially into three phases: forgiveness of sin and justification ("set free from sin"), sanctification (righteous life), and eternal life, as the Word of God says: "But now that you have been set free from sin and have become slaves to God, the benefit you reap leads to holiness, and the result is eternal life" (Rom 5:22). Justification and sanctification are the first and second elements in the experience of our salvation, although we already have eternal life in Jesus Christ through the Holy Spirit by the promise of God.

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Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.