Date of Award


Document Type

Seminar Paper

Degree Name

Master of Sacred Theology (STM)


Systematic Theology

Scripture References in this Resource (separated by semi-colons)

Romans 5:12-19; Psalm 51:5; Job 14:4, 5; John 3:5; Ephesians 2:3; John 6:53; 1 Corinthians 15:22; Galatians 3:27; Genesis 3:21;


In order to understand better how Luther understood original sin in the Smalcald Articles," this paper will compare SA with two other Luther writings, one contemporary with its composition and one from his earlier writings. Since Luther adopted the term "original sin," it will be useful to briefly examine the events that led to the coinage of the term by Augustine in addition to examining a few patristic sources in order to see how the idea of "original sin" was expressed formerly. Finally, Luther's confession of original sin in SA will be addressed to current issues such as the decay of original sin and the reemergence of Pelagianism.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.