Paul Wenz

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Sacred Theology (STM)


Exegetical Theology

First Advisor

Paul Raabe

Scripture References in this Resource

Isaiah 14:28-32; Ezra 25; Ezra 28:24-26; Isaiah 14:27; Isaiah 18:7; Isaiah 19:21ff; Isaiah 20:1; Isaiah 21:8; Isaiah 23:15-18; Isaiah 5:1; Isaiah 6:1; Isaiah 7:1; Jeremiah 49:1-2; Jeremiah 50-51; Jeremiah 6:1; Judges 20:38; 40; Obidiah 18-21; Psalm 106:48; Psalm 150; Psalm 41:13; Psalm 72:18-19; Psalm 89:52; Zechariah 9:8; Zephaniah 2:7-9


Isaiah's oracle against Philistia in 14:28-32 presents some unique problems to the exegete. Itis the only oracle with a chronological marker in Isaiah, i.e., it is dated at King Ahaz's death (v. 28), which raises questions of authorship for some. Chapter 1 introduces Isaiah's use of “Oracles against the Nations" (OAN) and specifically how Isaiah's oracle against Philistia is a good example of the genre, yet points out some of its unique characteristics. The translation of the pericope, with its exegetical details, is treated in chapter 2. Chapter 3 gives comments on the oracle and its setting, which is Isaiah's dealings with Ahaz and his contemporaries during the Syro-Ephraimite conflict in the eighth century B.C. The main motifs of 14:28-32touched upon in the comments are issues with the superscription of v. 28, the "flying serpent"(seraph) imagery in v. 29, and the Zion theology in v. 32. Chapter 4 deals with the problem of dating King Ahaz's death, which is key to dating Isaiah's oracle. Finally, some of the mysteries of this oracle are resolved in the concluding remarks of chapter 5.

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Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.