John Reek

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Sacred Theology (STM)


Systematic Theology

First Advisor

Thomas Manteufel

Scripture References in this Resource

Acts 20:29-30; 37-38; Deuteronomy 34:8; Joshua 1:9; 2 Timothy 4:1-6; 1 Kings 12; 2 Timothy 3:1-9; Romans 7:21-25; 1 Corinthians 3:1-3; Exodus 16:2-3; Judges 18:1; Judges 21:25; Galatians 1:6-7


This study will first survey the development of interim ministry and its purpose and use in congregations. Second, this study will review the Lutheran Confessions regarding the call to the Office of the Holy Ministry and the implications for interim ministry. In order to hone our understanding, Luther's writings will also be examined. Pertinent to understanding what was confessed by the Reformers is what was practiced by the Reformers; therefore, the history of two important pastors and one exemplary situation of the Reformation era will be examined. The author believes these situations to be instructive at least as a parallel to intentional interim ministry. Third, the doctrinal and historical writings of The Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod and volumes of pastoral theology will be examined. Here significant questions will be encountered that must be seen in historical context. A fourth matter of important consideration will be the current principles and practices of supplying a pastor for a Missouri Synod congregation when the office of the pastor is vacant and the way in which intentional interim ministry compares to these. Finally, growing out of this study, recommendations and suggestions for interim ministry in the Missouri Synod will be offered by the author.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.