Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Sacred Theology (STM)


Practical Theology

First Advisor

Leonhard Wuerffel

Scripture References in this Resource

Galatians 3:28; 1 Corinthians 11:7-9; 1 Corinthians 14:34; 1 Timothy 2:11-15; 2 Peter 1:20-21; 2 Peter 2:1-2; 2 Timothy 3:16-17; Deuteronomy 32:6; Ephesians 5:22-33; Exodus 1:15-2:10; Genesis 1:27; Isaiah 42:14; Isaiah 49:15; Isaiah 63:16; Isaiah 64:8; Isaiah 66:13; Isaiah 9:6; Jeremiah 31:9; Matthew 6:9; Psalm 89:26


This is the problem that has occasioned this study. Is there a place for a concept of judgment in pastoral counseling? If so, in what sense? Specifically, is there a place in pastoral counseling for a concept of judgment in Seward Hiltner's "ordinary sense," that is, imposed from outside? If there is, what is its place? This study is particularly concerned with the approach of the Lutheran pastor, who attempts to counsel within the context of the Lutheran understanding of Law and Gospel. The initial interest in this subject was sparked through discussions with Lutheran pastors in which it became apparent that there is a great deal of difference of opinion on the subject, particularly as to the pastor's function in relation to the biblical concept of judgment as he seeks to counsel.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.