Geir Hoaas

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Sacred Theology (STM)


Systematic Theology

First Advisor

Roy Sueflow

Scripture References in this Resource

Colossians 1:19; John 14:9; John 10:30; 2 Corinthians 5:19; John 1:14; 1 Timothy 3:16; John 6:63; John 1:33; 1 Corinthians 10:16; 1 Corinthians 11:28


Our objective is to portray the Real Presence under three aspects, namely Christology, Salvation for the individual, and the Function in the Church. As such it is a systematic endeavor to clarify the relation of the Real Presence to each of these areas. The two latter are necessarily dependent on the first. However, we are also limited in a historical sense, in that our study is primarily an analysis of these three relations as presented by the theologians we are investigating, Hermann Sasse, Leiv Aalen, and Tom Hardt. We do not, therefore, intend to give an independent and original contribution to the study of Luther or Lutheranism on the Real Presence in the Lord's Supper. Nevertheless, Sasse, Aalen, and Hardt may all be characterized as conservative, confessional Lutherans, and therefor e our survey may also contribute to an understanding of Lutheranism.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.