Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Sacred Theology (STM)


Exegetical Theology

First Advisor

Edgar Krentz

Scripture References in this Resource

Romans 1:1-7; 1 Corinthians 15:3; 1 Corinthians 11:2; 2 Thessalonians 2:15; 2 Thessalonians 3:6; Colossians 2:8; 1 Corinthians 11:23; Galatians 1:12; 2 Timothy 2:8; Romans 6:17; 1 Corinthians 15:1ff; Romans 1:3-5; Galatians 4:4; Romans 8:31; 2 Corinthians 8:9; Ephesians 1:3ff; Acts 4:10; 1 Timothy 3:16; Colossians 1:15ff; Romans 1:16; 2 Timothy 2:8; 1 Corinthians 9:11ff; Romans 3:7-8; 2 Corinthians 9:5; Romans 4:13; 14; 16; 20; Romans 9:4; 8; 9; Galatians 3:16; 17; 18; Galatians 3:14; Romans 15:8; 2 Corinthians 1:20; Galatians 3:22; Galatians 4:28


The purpose of this investigation is to determine the extent and text of the pre-Pauline tradition or formula generally acknowledged to be cited in this passage, secondly, to discuss the Christology embedded in the formula, and finally, to compare this earlier Christology with the Pauline reinterpretation of it. This study does not claim to exhaust the Christology of Rom. 1:1-7 but rather focus primarily on the verses which have possible pre-Pauline tradition. The questions concerning Christ's person which are raised in this passage demand much more space, particularly the questions of adoptionism and pre-existence, and the relation of resurrection, ascension, and exaltation in the theology of this formula. The titles used in the formula are worthy of much more attention. However, the focus in this study will be upon the relation of the Christology of the formula and Paul. In this way, a foundation is laid for the understanding of the further development of the titles as employed elsewhere in the New Testament and for the further interrelating of the Christology found here with other parts of the New Testament; hopefully, this prepares the way for a sound understanding of the development of Christology up to the point of formulation in the three ecumenical creeds.

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Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.