Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Sacred Theology (STM)


Exegetical Theology

First Advisor

Herbert Mayer

Scripture References in this Resource

Exodus 33:1-3; Matthew 22:14; Matthew 20:16; Ezra 8:3; Matthew 9:13; Mark 2:16-17; Luke 5:30; 32; 1 Timothy 1:15; 1 Timothy 3:16; Ephesians 3:8; Matthew 22:41-45; Mark 12:35-37; Luke 20:41-44; Romans 4:3; Romans 13:7; Genesis 15:6; Genesis 17:4f; Romans 12:9; Ephesians 1:4-6; Ephesians 2:10; Ephesians 4:22; Ephesians 3:17; Ephesians 2:21; Titus 3:5-7; Titus 1:2; Titus 2:14; Exodus 19:5; Hebrews 1:2-13; Hebrews 2:9-15; Hebrews 12:2; Hebrews 13:12; Philippians 2:8; Psalm 110:1; Psalm 19:5; 1 Peter 2:21; 1 Peter 3:18; 1 Peter 4:1; Hebrews s 2:8; Hebrews 1:2; Hebrews 7:22; Hebrews 9:13ff; Hebrews 3:5; Hebrews 13:7; Revelation 1:7; 13; John 19:37; Matthew 27:28; Mark 15:17; Zechariah 12:10


This paper will attempt to determine the attitude of the Apostolic Fathers toward the canonical New Testament writings on the basis of their references to and use of passages and phrases from those writings. Answers will be sought to the following questions. Which books of the New Testament are used by the Apostolic Fathers? Are these books used in a comparatively equal degree by all of the Fathers? Do the Fathers quote the New Testament writings and refer to them directly? If not, how do they introduce the New Testament material which they use? Do they copy passages from the New Testament directly, or do they freely adapt the language of the disciples and apostles to their own form of presentation? Do they borrow only from books included in our canon of the New Testament, or only from writings of apostolic origin, or do they use materials from other sources as well? The answers to these questions will be sought on a basis of a study of those Apostolic Fathers which are included in Lightfoot's edition and are dated by him as being composed prior to 150 A. D. These are Barnabas, 1 Clement, Ignatius, Polycarp, Didache, Hermas, and 2 Clement.

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Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.