Carl Graesser

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Theology (Th.M)


Exegetical Theology

First Advisor

Walter Rorhrs

Scripture References in this Resource

Matthew 18:12; Luke 15:16; Genesis 49:24; Psalm 23:1; Psalm 80:1; Isaiah 40:11; Micah 7:14; Jeremiah 13:17; Jeremiah 25:31; Jeremiah 23:1-4; Isaiah 40:10-11; Isaiah 63:11; 12; 19; Micah 2:12-13; Psalm 80:1-2; 2 Kings 19:15; 1 Samuel 4:4; Ezra 34:20; Jeremiah 13:17; Jeremiah 25:34; Psalm 74:1; Jeremiah 23:1-4; Jeremiah 34:10


This study therefore follows a more systematic method. We shall look at each side of the image, utilizing the pertinent material in the entire Old Testament before moving on to another side of the image. After a brief survey of the extra-biblical usage, the-following chapters will deal with Yahweh as a shepherd, Israel as his flock, other leaders who are named shepherd, and finally, the Messianic shepherd.

It will be noted that this study deals largely with the primary Biblical sources rather than with secondary sources. We were able to locate but three discussions of the subject at hand of any length. These proved helpful largely in determining the relationship and distinctions between the Biblical and extra-biblical usage of the shepherd flock image.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.