Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Systematic Theology

First Advisor

Joel Okamoto

Scripture References in this Resource

John 20:30-31; 1 Corinthians 1:23; 1 Corinthians 2:1-2; 1 Corinthians 1:18; 1 Corinthians 1:22-30; Romans 1:1-4; 16; Acts 10:39-43; Ephesians 1:7; Acts 2:14-38; Acts 3:12-26; Acts 4:10-12; Acts 5:29-32; Acts 7:51-53; Acts 8:26-35; Acts 10:34-43; Acts 11:19-20; Acts 13:16-41; Acts 17:2-3; Acts 26:22-23; Romans 6:1-10; Galatians 3:1-14; Ephesians 2:13-20; Philippians 2:6-11; Colossians 1:15-23; 1 Timothy 1:15; 2 Timothy 2:8-13; Titus 2:11-14; Hebrews 2:14-15; 1 Peter 3:18-19; 1 John 4:9-10; 1 Corinthians 1 :23-26; Luke 24:25-26; 45-46; John 5:39; 1 Peter 1:10-11; 1 Peter 1:1; Isaiah 42:1; Luke e 4: 14-21; Acts s 8:35; Acts 13:13-42; Acts 17:2-4; Acts 28:23-28; Acts 17:11-12


Nafzger, Peter H. "'These Are Written' : Toward a Cruciform Theology of Scripture." Ph.D. diss .. Concordia Seminary, 2009. 244 pp.

This dissertation is an attempt to ground the Christian theology of Scripture in the trinitarian economy of salvation. Rather than approaching the Scriptures with the assumptions, concepts, and categories that have governed the modem "battle for the Bible," this account locates the Scriptures in the theology of the Word of God. In the biblical narrative this Word is found in three forms: Jesus Christ is the personal form of the Word of God who was sent by the Father in the power of the Spirit for the salvation of the world. His identity and mission come together in the cross, and all that he did and said was vindicated in his resurrection from the dead. The proclamation of God's deputized prophets, apostles, and preachers in the church is the spoken form of the Word of God. This form of the Word is the primary means by which God forgives sins and creates saving faith in the hearts of sinful human beings. In this context the Scriptures are most properly understood to be the written form of the Word of God. They are definitive versions of the prophetic and apostolic Word. They serve the proclamation of the Word as the only rule and norm for the preaching and teaching of the church. This foundation in the theology of the Word of God enables the church to answer more fully and consistently contemporary questions about the canon, authority, and interpretation of the Scriptures.

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Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.