Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Exegetical Theology

First Advisor

Jeffrey Oschwald

Scripture References in this Resource

Luke 2:22–38; Luke 6:24; Acts 4:36; Acts 9:31; Acts 13:15; Acts 15:31; Luke 4:17–21; Luke 22:37; Acts 8:32–33; Luke 3:4–6; Acts 13:47; Luke 19:46; Acts 7:49–50; Acts 28:25–27; Luke 6:20–26; Isaiah 40:1f; Luke 1:32–33; Luke 1:54–55; Luke 1: 68-75; Luke 1:71; 74; Acts 1:6; Acts 4:12; Luke 23:50–51; Luke 24:51; Acts 15:16; Acts 26:6; Luke 1:52; Acts 28:23; 31; Luke 2:38; Luke 24:21; Luke 1:67


Vieira, Alexandre Teixeira. “My Eyes Have Seen Your Consolation: Παράκλησις in Luke-Acts.” Ph.D. diss., Concordia Seminary, 2018. 216 pp.

Luke describes Simeon as a faithful Jew who was “awaiting the consolation of Israel.” Many interpreters say that this description conveys Luke’s idea that there is a separate hope for the nation of Israel, which would be made manifest at some point in the future when the Messiah would bring about political deliverance for them. Others argue that, although Luke himself did not think that was the case, Simeon and other Jews in Luke’s narrative did, but the narrative Luke writes serves as a corrective against that view. Many others, however, see no reason to believe that Luke or Simeon envisioned such a nationalistic salvation apart for the spiritual salvation Jesus brought for all who believe. This work argues this third option, approaching it in a way that has not been done before. All of Luke’s use of παράκλησις are studied as part of the same interpretative matrix to show that Luke employs that Isaianic promise as the background for the view that consolation in Jesus, be it of Israel or for all, is equivalent to salvation in the narrative, and never points to a nationalistic or political understanding of such salvation.

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Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.