Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Divinity (M.Div)


Exegetical Theology

First Advisor

Robert Smith

Scripture References in this Resource (separated by semi-colons)

John 20:1-18; John 10:24-25,33; John 11:1ff; John 12:1-8; John 14:22; John 18:10; John 18:13; John 18:38; John 19:4,6; John 20:19-23; John 21:4-8; Luke 10:38-42; Luke 16:19-31; Luke 22:3; Luke 22:50; Luke 22:67-70; Luke 23:4,14,22; Luke 24:36-43; Luke 24:4; Luke 3:2; Luke 5:1-11; Luke 6:16; Luke 8:38; Mark 14:3-9;


A problem that has long captured the critical attention of New Testament scholars has been the so-called Synoptic problem, which seeks to identify and explain the literary relationships that exist among the first three Gospels. A similar and no less vexing problem is that of the literary relationship between the Synoptics and the Gospel of John. Of the three Synoptics, Mark offers perhaps the most striking parallels with the Fourth Gospel and therefore the strongest evidence of literary dependence on the part of John. Matthew, on the other hand, offers the fewest parallels and hence the least compelling evidence for such a dependency.2But Luke, in many ways, offers the most interesting parallels, and it is partly for this reason that his Gospel has been chosen for special study in this paper.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.