Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Divinity (M.Div)


Exegetical Theology

Scripture References in this Resource (separated by semi-colons)

John 3:35; 1 Corinthians 10:20-22, 31-33; John 1:32, 33, 34; John 11:24; John 11:49; John 12:3; John 12:43-15:13; John 14:21-24; John 15:9-13; John 16:27; John 19:13; John 2:20; John 2:6; John 20:1-10; John 21:15-17; John 3:16; John 4:27; John 5:10; John 5:20; John 5:3; John 6:19; John 7:37;


The point in question is a hard one to settle, because the outcome depends entirely upon where one stands in his approach to the Bible in general and to John in particular. One may see a passage as demonstrating the simplicity of John, while another sees great subtlety and complexity, meanwhile a third sees nothing in the passage at all. Sometimes it’s because the person hasn't looked at all the data concerning the passage in question, and therefore needs to widen his outlook. One goal of this paper, then, is to investigate as much data and interpretations as are available so that the reader can see the full scope of what is involved as he considers for himself the distinction between these two words.

It is important to realize that this will not be an unbiased paper, since the writer is of the opinion that a difference does exist between these two words, and will be defending this position. However, the attempt will be made to present data from both sides, to let the reader know what kind of things must be dealt with and where different opinions might influence the reader's conclusions.

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Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.