Concordia Theological Monthly

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death, st. paul, consolation, mortal condition, parousia, eschatological, christian, corinthians

Submission Type

Bible Study; Lecture; Sermon Prep


Commentators, lexicographers, and grammarians, almost by consensus, render έφ’ ᾠ in 2 Cor. 5:4 in a causal sense, with such variations as "because," "inasmuch as," "in view of the fact that." Exceptional is Margaret Thrall's rendering "on condition that." She paraphrases: "For indeed, we who exist in the physical body groan with weariness. (But, for the Christian, this is a legitimate attitude to our physical existence only on condition that we do not want to be divested of somatic existence altogether, but rather to be further incorporated in the Body of Christ.)" The paraphrase is obscure, but the reminder that Paul in this passage may be using έφ’ ᾠ in the old classical sense of contractual terms puts us on the right track toward the explication of a difficult passage and its context.


Practical Theology

Scripture References in this Resource (separated by semi-colons)

2 Corinthians 5:4; John 16:30; Acts 24:16; 1 Corinthians 4:4; 1 Corinthians 15:12; 1 Corinthians 4:11; 1 Corinthians 4:18-5:1; Philippians 1:21; 2 Corinthians 5:1-10; 1 Corinthians 15:35-37; 1 Corinthians 15:51-54; Job 22:6; Romans 8:16;

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Submission Audience

Laity; Ministers; Scholars